I liked this student’s project and wanted to document what he did so that other students could use some of his work. The thing that impressed me was his use of a 3D model in the CNC carve, his use of texture and modeling. We did a piece similar before, but used a different texture.
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Holding things down on a CNC can be the most frustrating part of the entire process. Luckily for us our main machine has a vacuum table and we use window sealant foam for the back of the wood. This works amazingly well for parts that are not cut through. We have had to get creative for parts that need cutting all the way through. Our large machine has an MDF table that has T-Slots cut into it and it requires hold downs. I have seen all sorts of solutions for this, but few solved my main concern of wanting to carve on the entire board unhindered by the hold downs.
Getting going with the oxygen/acetylene torch can be both exciting and overwhelming. It is kinda like learning to drive and learning how to operate a manual transmission. You have to focus on the rules of the road and do a great job driving while at the same time learning about the clutch. It also reminds me of learning to ride a bike. You have to learn to balance and pedal at the same time. If we break these down into individual lessons we can focus on the getting the required skills to move up. In this case I find students overwhelmed with 2 tanks, managing pressures, using a large torch and making great welds at the same time. I brought in this little ‘B’ tank to help with most of that. The ‘B’ tank only uses an acetylene tank and grabs air from the room rather than an oxygen tank. The advantage is easy starting. The disadvantage is a huge reduction in heat. The ‘B’ tank will only be useful for brazing, but it’s main purpose is to teach the skills necessary to be successful with the oxygen/acetylene torch.
The V-Carve will likely be your first CNC created file. The software does a great deal of the work and creates beautiful carves from fairly complicated designs. Once your design is in vector form, you are ready to create a V-Carve toolpath. It is important to understand what the software is doing for you and how it decides the depths of cut that were made. In the simplest mathematical terms:
The depth of cut is a function of the distance between vectors and angle of chosen V-Bit.
Lets break that down a bit…
This design is what I am bringing into aspire. This could be a font, design, scan, shapes, etc.
I recommend to first have the material on hand that is going to be carved. Preparing the material first will generally create more desired results. There are times when that is not feasible, but talk to me if you have specific needs.
I will be referring to this picture as I proceed:
These are the steps to fixing a clog in the printer or just cleaning it prior to a large print. This is a good idea to do after an exotic print material as well.
Step 1. Heat up the nozzle to the max 260 degrees celsius. This is in the maintenance and advanced settings on the printer.
Take this data over with you to the Hypertherm Powermax 65 Plasma cutter. This works with the CNC and the hand torch. I got this from the Hypertherm Powermax 65 manual (click for the actual manual). Some of the data is not needed for the hand torch, but needs to be inputed into the CNC controller.
1. You will need to choose your setup of Shielded (for us this is Hand) or UnShielded (for us this is CNC).
2. Choose your amperage 45 or 65 (Mostly you will do 65Amps) or if you want to use FineCut.
3. Setup the torch with the desired consumables and choose your chart link below for access to the speeds, volts height pierce delay and pierce height.
65 amps by hand (this is your default setup for hand plasma)
65 amps on the CNC (this is your default setup on the CNC)
These are the bridge gussets I hand out during the bridge unit. They are not required to use and I don’t make every possible style. I only made these because it can help with a start and I think they are cute with the rivets drawn on. I recommend groups use gussets on both sides of the node they are gusseting.
I print these on heavy paper (Card Stock) to have on hand. It is up to the engineers in the group to decide the thickness of paper needed for their bridge. These are one of 2 resources I make available to the groups. The other being the 3/16 bridge sticks. Refer to the Truss Bridge post for the specific rules
I share, with the class, that the best luck we have had is with white glue and binder clips. I have to admit that we don’t call them binder clips anymore. Instead, we call them bridge clamps.
Here are the gussets: